I have a background in prehistoric and Roman archaeology and have carried out extensive research in the field of zooarchaeology. Recent and current projects include: butchery practices in Iron Age and Roman Britain; animal exploitation in Novgorod and other medieval sites in NW Russia; the food supply in Roman towns; the deposition of animal skeletons on Iron Age and Romano-British sites; the identification of worked animal bones found in early Bronze Age burial contexts; the use of salt in prehistoric and historic societies. I have also carried out consultancy projects for English Heritage, The National Museum of Wales; CADW, and for a wide range of archaeological excavation units.
My major research interests revolve around zooarchaeology. I have been an active researcher in this field since 1974. I have carried out a large numbers of research programmes on sites of all periods from the Neolithic onwards, both in Britain and Europe, as far east as Russia and as far south as Malta. I have particular interests in how zooarchaeology can be incorporated into studies of Roman and medieval towns. I have published widely on human-animal relationships in Iron Age and Roman Britain. I have specific interests and resultant publications on the history of butchery practices, the use of salt in preserving meat and the exploitation of birds. I was the PI on the AHRC Science and Culture Large Grant, Humans and Chickens Interaction Project.